A plumber is a tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage and drainage in plumbing systems.
The term dates from ancient times, and is related to the Latin word for lead, "plumbum".The word "plumber" dates from the Roman Empire.3 The Latin for lead is plumbum.
Plumbing is any system that conveys fluids for a wide range of applications.
The difference between pipes and tubes is simply in the way it is sized.
Copper tube, CPVC, PeX and other tubing is measured nominally, which is basically an average diameter.These sizing schemes allow for universal adaptation of transitional fittings.
For instance, 1/2" PeX tubing is the same size as 1/2" copper tubing.
Tubing, in particular copper, comes in rigid hard tempered "joints" or soft tempered (annealed) rolls.
PeX and CPVC tubing also comes in rigid "joints" or flexible rolls.The temper of the copper, that is whether it is a rigid "joint" or flexible roll, does not affect the sizing.7 The thicknesses of the water pipe and tube walls can vary.
Pipe wall thickness is denoted by various schedules or for large bore polyethylene pipe in the UK by the Standard Dimension Ratio (SDR), defined as the ratio of the pipe diameter to its wall thickness.Pipe wall thickness increases with schedule, and is available in schedules 20, 40, 80, and higher in special cases. The schedule is largely determined by the operating pressure of the system, with higher pressures commanding greater thickness. Copper tubing is available in four wall thicknesses: type DWV (thinnest wall; only allowed as drain pipe per UPC), type 'M' (thin; typically only allowed as drain pipe by IPC code), type 'L' (thicker, standard duty for water lines and water service), and type 'K' (thickest, typically used underground between the main and the meter). Because piping and tubing are commodities, having a greater wall thickness implies higher initial cost. Thicker walled pipe generally implies greater durability and higher pressure tolerances.Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_pipe#Difference_between_pipes_and_tubes.